Note: The following is largely excerpted from the book "Whoever You Thought You Were ... You're A Jew!"
It may be that 95% of the world's Jews are descendants of the tribe of Attila the Hun, and have little to do with either David or Solomon.
Does this statement surprise you? It certainly surprised me when I first read it. If it is true, then how on earth could such a thing be hidden?
The contents of this file are based largely on the book "The Thirteenth Tribe", by Arthur Koestler. If Koestler is wrong, then so am I. But I doubt Koestler is wrong. All his basic facts can be independently verified in other reference sources, and I sincerely doubt that his conclusions are incorrect.
Stemming of the Muslim Tide in the East
Everyone who remembers high-school history will recall that in the Middle Ages (732 AD, to be exact), the French leader Charles Martel defeated the Muslim Moors at the Battle of Tours. The previously unstoppable tide of Muslim conquest was stemmed. This date, and this battle, are regarded as turning points in human history. Would the entire world be Muslim today if the Moors had not been stopped? Who can say?
Yes... everyone knows that the Muslims were stopped in Western Europe in 732 AD. But few know that the same thing happened in the East also. At about the time that the Moors were fighting their way across the Pyrenees Mountains in the south of France, equally determined Muslim Arab would-be conquerors were simultaneously trying to fight their way across the Caucasus Mountains in southern Russia (see figure below).
You see, the Arab armies couldn't get to Europe by the geographically obvious route, through Turkey, because the Byzantine Empire stood squarely in the way. Therefore, they tried to go around it, thinking that they would enter into and conquer Europe through the land we know today as Russia. They were stopped, however.
Who stopped them? A rarely-mentioned tribe of barbarians known as the Khazars, who ruled the lands we know of today as Russia and Eastern Europe. In a series of prolonged wars, the first from 642-652 AD, and the second from 722-739 AD, armies of up to 300,000 Khazar warriors fought against, and ultimately prevailed over the invading Muslims. They saved Russia and Eastern Europe for Christianity.
Then an amazing event occurred. In 740 AD, the Khazars converted to Judaism.
If not for the fact that 95% of the world's Jews are probably descendants of Khazar converts, this event would merit little further discussion. But since most Jews hail from Eastern Europe and Russia, we are in no position whatsoever to ignore this extraordinary conversion. It is now time to look into the Khazars in some detail.
What's a "Khazar"?
To understand what a "Khazar" is, we must first consider the tribe's predecessors, the Huns. The Huns were one of a considerable number of central Asian tribes known collectively as "Turks". The modern-day Turks of Turkey are by no means the first, but rather the last of these tribes.
Although the various Turkik tribes of central Asia played enormously important roles in world history, American and European school children are taught next to nothing about them. Yet the Hsiung-nu, the Uighurs, the Huns, the Mongols, and the many other Turkik tribes were critically involved in the making of the history, culture, and genetics of every Asian nation -- and many European nations as well.
Around 450 AD, the Turkik tribe known as the Huns roared out of their Asian homeland and struck terror across Europe. Their origin is generally considered to have been Russia, although the Hungarians also claim them as their own. Where they came from is less important than where they went. Under their famous leader, "Attila the Hun" (who seized power by killing his brother, Buda, after whom the Hungarian city of Budapest was named), they ravaged the entire continent of Europe from Russia to France. Then Attila died.
After the death of Attila, no able leader emerged to replace him. The Huns disappeared from history. Or did they?
In the centuries following the death of Attila, we find that the land known today as Russia was ruled by another Turkik tribe known as the "Khazars". For lack of any evidence to the contrary, the Khazars are assumed by historians to be the same group of Turks that formerly were called "Huns". That is, there is no evidence that the Huns ever left, and there is no evidence that the Khazars suddenly arrived. They both spoke the Turkik language, and they are assumed to have been essentially the same people.
The Extraordinary Khazar Conversion
At the time of the Arab attempts to conquer Russia and Eastern Europe, the Khazars were already a large and powerful pagan empire, controlling essentially all of Russia to the Ural Mountains on the East, and the Caucasus Mountains on the south. They also controlled large parts of Eastern Europe, their influence extending well into the nations now known as Poland, Czechoslovakia, Austria-Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria.
In the year 740 AD, King Bulan, the King of Khazaria, decided to adopt a monotheistic religion. According to legend, he was responding to dreams or visions. It is highly probable that the realities of power politics also played a large part in this decision.
Bulan's Empire was adjacent to the Byzantine and Muslim Empires. I presume that there must have come a time, in the midst of all the bloodshed, when he began to wonder just what it was that made the Arabs and Christians such furious proselytizers. So he began to study religion.
The legend states that he invited representatives of the three faiths (Judaism, Christianity, and Islam) to visit him in Itil, his capital city on the mouth of the Volga River near the shores of the Caspian Sea (which was called the "Khazar Sea" in those days). Each representative gave a powerful argument for his respective faith.
Bulan was unable to choose. So he sent the three representatives out, and called back the Christian by himself. He asked him which of the other two faiths he should choose, should he decide to reject Christianity. The Christian, without hesitation, began railing against the Muslim religion, and strongly advocated Judaism.
Likewise, the Muslim railed against Christianity, and advocated Judaism.
So Bulan took their advice. He rejected both Christianity and Islam, and he became a Jew.
Jews at the interface of Christianity and Islam
It is fascinating to note that Jews thrived at both points where Christianity and Islam converged. The figure below is a religious map of the medieval world. The Muslims clashed with Christianity in Spain and southern France, and subsequently Spain became the home of the Jews for nearly 1000 years. Similarly, in the East, the Khazar nation between the Christians and the Muslims became Jewish through conversion.
It is an historically verifiable fact that the Khazars and the Spanish Jews had no significant contact at the time, and that therefore the conversion of the Khazars took place in a virtual "vacuum" -- not as a result of any known external influence.
Consequently (as illustrated in the figure), we are led to the opinion that the prospering of Judaism might be an historic inevitability whenever opposing armies of Christianity and Islam threaten a nation.
Peak and Decline of the Khazars
The Khazar Empire flourished from the 7th to the 10th centuries, and declined only gradually after that, lingering on for another 2-3 centuries. How important were they? According to Arthur Koestler (author of "The Thirteenth Tribe"), the King of the Khazars was held in higher esteem in Byzantium than the Pope was. The Byzantine Emperor and historian Constantine Porphyrogenitus (913-959 AD), writing of his court protocol, said that letters addressed to the Pope in Rome were to be sealed with a seal of gold, worth 2 "solidi". His letters to the King of the Khazars, however, were sealed with gold worth 3 "solidi". Now, that's "solid".
After the 8th century AD, the first wave of Islamic "holy wars" against Europe came to an end, and there was relative peace between Christianity, Islam, and Khazaria. The historical importance of the Khazars in subsequent years was that they protected the "civilized" world not from the Muslims, but from barbarian invaders from the north. The worst such threat, exceeding all others combined, was the Vikings.
Like a horrible, heathen mirror-image of Muhammad's "armies of God" from the south, the pagan armies of the Vikings, hundreds of years later, surrounded and invaded Europe from the north:
Poor, tortured Europe! This new round of invasions changed the face of Western politics and civilization forever.
Wherever there was water, the Viking boats went. In the rivers of Russia, they encountered the Khazars, who held them at bay for a long time. In the end, however, the Vikings prevailed.
The Khazars, with significant funding from the Eastern Roman Emperor Theophilus, had built a fortress called Sarkel on the Don River in 833 AD. The purpose of Sarkel was one-fold: to stop the Viking boats. This worked for over a century, as the Vikings didn't travel on foot. But the invaders from the north finally succeeded in destroying Sarkel in 965 AD, and the Khazars entered into a 200-year period of decline.
The Viking invaders were known as Rus, or Rhus, and it is from them that Russia took its name, and much of its character. After establishing an Empire in western Russia, with a capital in Kiev, the Vikings began trading commercially with Byzantium. They also continued, intermittently, to wage war against Byzantium.
In 989 AD, the Viking leader Vladimir was baptized into the Byzantine faith. The story of his conversion is highly amusing, and strikes a sharp contrast to the Jewish conversion of the Khazar King Bulan two centuries earlier. Vladimir, a lusty warmongering barbarian with 800 concubines, also invited representatives of the various religions, as Bulan had done before. The first of them, the Catholic representative, was "out the door" when he told Vlad he would have to fast. The Muslim did better at first, until he told Vlad that he would have to give up pork and vodka. The pork was no problem, but, as for the vodka, Vlad protested violently: "Drinking is the joy of the Russes. We cannot exist without that pleasure". The Muslim was "out the door".
When the Jewish representative explained that the nation of Israel was scattered by God for its sins, Vladimir flew into a rage. Thinking himself better than that, and without sin, he balked at the idea of adopting a religion which might put a spotless man like himself into exile. The Jew was "out the door".
That left the Byzantine faith. How convenient! They were right next door, he already had trade agreements with them, and he lusted after the daughter of the Byzantine Emperor (who was eventually given to him in marriage, but only after his conversion). He converted.
Thus did Russia become a Christian nation. Thereafter, the Vikings and Byzantines were co-conspirators in driving the Jews out of Russia, aided and abetted by the Mongol invasions of Ghengis Khan.
The decision of Byzantium to "team up" with the new "Russians" proved a mistake in the long run. Without their Jewish allies, the Eastern Roman Empire was soon invaded by the Muslims, who permanently acquired Byzantium and overran the eastern European republics as well.
The horrible legacy of this series of wars is still unfolding today, 1000 years later, in Bosnia. You see, the medieval Bosnian Christians, called "Bogomils", followed Jesus as a prophet, but denied his divinity and utterly rejected the authority of the established Church, which hated them passionately. When the First Crusaders marched through the area, they committed widespread atrocities against them, murdering thousands and seizing as much property as they could carry away with them. These activities evidently had the full blessing of the Church.
The memory of these murders was not quickly forgotten, and lingers even to the present day. Thus, following the removal of the Khazar "buffer" between Eastern Europe and Islam, the invading Muslim armies of the Ottoman Turks arrived in the 14th century. In Islam, however, the beleaguered Bogomils found a view of Christ closer to their own than to that of the Catholic Church. They therefore converted. That is why there are white Muslims in Yugoslavia, Macedonia, and Albania. Bosnian Christians and Muslims have been at war ever since.
What Happened to the Khazar Jews?
Koestler's book "The Thirteenth Tribe", was written largely to teach people the truth about the identity of "Ashkenazi" or Eastern European Jews. He regards them as being, for all intents and purposes, the Khazars themselves.
After the defeat of the Khazar Empire by the Vikings, the nations of Russia and Eastern Europe quietly went to work obliterating all memory of the Jews. This obliteration had a physical component, exemplified in Russia by the recent submersion of the fortress of Sarkel during the construction of the Tsimlyansk reservoir, adjoining the Volga-Don canal. Sarkel was an essential and irreplaceable Khazar archaeological site.
Most of the effort to obliterate the memory of the Jews was through historical revisionism. A priceless example of this was given on page 93 of Koestler's book, in a passage describing the Soviet newspaper Pravda's 1952 article criticizing a distinguished Soviet professor of history at the USSR Academy of Sciences. This man, Professor Artamonov, had dared to suggest that the ancient city of Kiev owed a great deal to the Khazars. He pictured them in the role of an advanced people who fell victim to the aggressive aspirations of the Russians.
The editors of Pravda were enraged, and ran the following commentary:
"All these things have nothing in common with historical facts. The Khazar kingdom which represented the primitive amalgamation of different tribes, played no positive role whatever in creating the statehood of the eastern Slavs. Ancient sources testify that state formations arose among the eastern Slavs long before any record of the Khazars.
"The Khazar kingdom, far from promoting the development of the ancient Russian State, retarded the progress of the eastern Slav tribes. The materials obtained by our archaeologists indicate the high level of culture in ancient Russia. Only by flouting the historical truth and neglecting the facts can one speak of the superiority of the Khazar culture. The idealization of the Khazar kingdom reflects a manifest survival of the defective views of the bourgeois historians who belittled the indigenous development of the Russian people. The erroneousness of this concept is evident. Such a conception cannot be accepted by Soviet historiography."
What was this "high level of culture" Pravda speaks of? Evidently, the modern Russian is proud of his Viking heritage, as well as the heritage of any and every non-Jewish Turkik tribe. Regarding the Vikings, we have been blessed with an account of their habits by a famous Arab chronicler named Ibn Fadlan. To be fair, it should be pointed out that his observations were not always confirmed by other observers, but since we are examining the so-called "high level of culture" of the Viking invaders who exterminated Russia's medieval Jewish society, it must be pointed out that no description of Khazar culture by any observer has ever suggested anything like that which is suggested by Fadlan's description of the Vikings. He wrote that they ...
'...are the filthiest creatures of the Lord. In the morning a servant girl brings a basin full of water to the master of the household; he rinses his face and hair in it, spits and blows his nose into the basin, which the girl then hands on to the next person, who does likewise, until all who are in the house have used that basin to blow their noses, spit and wash their face and hair in it.'
As for the native, pre-Viking Turkik inhabitants whom the Khazars, and later the Rus (i.e., Vikings), ruled over, Ibn Fadlan had even less respect. Concerning two particularly loathsome tribes, the Ghuzz and the Bashkirs, this is Koestler's translation of the Ibn Fadlan report:
"The Ghuzz do not wash themselves after defecating or urinating, nor do they bathe after seminal pollution or on other occasions. They refuse to have anything to do with water, particularly in winter" ...
... when the Ghuzz commander-in-chief took off his luxurious coat of brocade to don a new coat the mission had brought him, they saw that his underclothes were ...
"fraying apart from dirt, for it is their custom never to take off the garment they wear close to their bodies until it disintegrates".
Another Turkish tribe, the Bashkirs,
"shave their beards and eat their lice. They search the folds of their undergarments and crack the lice with their teeth".
When Ibn Fadlan watched a Bashkir do this, the latter remarked to him:
"They are delicious."
This, then, is the "high level of culture" which modern-day Russian historians cling to, rejecting 500 years of relatively glorious Khazar history solely because the Russians of that period chose to practice the Jewish religion.
The denial of Russia's Jewish heritage surely did not begin with Communism. I recently obtained a very much out-of-print history of pre-Soviet Russia, written in 1882 by a distinguished author who lived and taught in Paris. A perusal of it showed me that Jewish denial was very well-established before Communism ever reared its head. The book, entitled "History of Russia, From the Earliest Times to 1880", was by Alfred Rambaud, whom the title page identified as:
"Chief of the cabinet of the minister of public instruction and fine arts at Paris; corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of St. Petersburg; etc., etc."
The "etc., etc." suggests a career so illustrious that no title page could ever hold it all. There was, however, room for a self-indulgent statement which read:
"This Work Has Been Crowned by the French Academy".
Now, that's impressive! What would such an exalted book have to say about the 500 year period during which Russian history was dominated by the Khazars?
The answer to this question calls for mathematical precision. Rambaud's "History" is a massive, 3-volume work of almost exactly 1200 pages. Within this immense compendium of Russian historical facts is a grand total of 3/4 of one page of discussion of the Khazars. This amounts to...
3/4 ÷ 1200 = 0.000625 , or 1/16 of 1% ...
...of the book. Considering the fact that the Khazars saved Europe from Muslim conquest, and that they were the major political force in effect throughout Russia and Eastern Europe from at least 600 AD until as late as 1100 or 1200 AD, 1/16 of 1% is, in my opinion, not enough. In defense of Rambaud, I must admit that what he says in his 3/4-of-a-page is in no way derogatory, but no one reading his 1200 page history would imagine that there was anything but desolate wasteland and pagan barbarity in Russia before the Vikings.
Can you imagine a history of Greece beginning in the year 1000 AD, totally ignoring the monumental achievements of the entire ancient Greek world? How about a history of Rome which denied that Rome had ever existed before Christianity? What can be so terrible about being Jewish, to drive a nation to compulsively drown and burn all evidence of it's own past?
This revisionism is taught to children in America at an early age. When my children were in high school, they were assigned reading from an Asian history textbook called "Eastern Hemisphere". Sure enough, it had a section on the "history" of Russia. Apparently (according to this American school book), the entire Russian nation began about 1000 AD when Prince Vladimir, our vodka-drinking friend, converted to the Byzantine Christian faith. There is hardly a word in this children's book to indicate that Russia was even inhabited before 1000 AD. Nor is there anything which alerts the reader to the fact that Vladimir and his colleagues were not native Russians at all, but Viking invaders who had arrived only recently.
Is this "education", or is this "propaganda"? Nowadays, it is no longer considered "politically correct" to write of European colonization of America without making heartfelt and honorable mention of the oppressed civilization of the American Indian, whose land it was. If ignoring Indians is "politically incorrect", then how much more incorrect is it to ignore a highly developed and cultured civilization which had an enormous impact on our own Caucasian history, simply because its inhabitants chose to convert to the Jewish faith?
If it is important to honor one's father and mother on a personal basis, than it seems that in the same sense a nation ought to honor its historical fathers as well. The authors of these revisionist histories are, in reality, an affront to the nations they imagine themselves to be serving by their denials. Remember that the Khazars were not invaders from Israel, but native Russians. Their history was a glorious one. What satisfactory explanation can we give for the systematic attempt to expunge them from history? None that I can see. Besides, the effort failed anyway. Their memory lives on in books like Koestler's "Thirteenth Tribe", and they are not forgotten.
Other Historical Denials of Judaism
Anyone interested in Jewish history must get used to historical denials, because it seems that no nation wants to acknowledge a Jewish heritage of any sort. The systematic removal of Jews from the history of nations is a pattern which we shall see over and over again.
Consider the case of Hungary. During the peak of Khazar power, Hungary was ruled by Khazars. A Marxist historian, Dr. Antal Bartha, authored a book called "The Magyar Society in the Eighth and Ninth Centuries". Commendably, there are several chapters on the Khazars, but as to the fact that the Khazars were Jewish, there is only a single paragraph on the entire subject. It reads:
"Our investigations cannot go into problems pertaining to the history of ideas, but we must call the reader's attention to the matter of the Khazar kingdom's state religion. It was the Jewish faith which became the official religion of the ruling strata of society. Needless to say, the acceptance of the Jewish faith as the state religion of an ethnically non-Jewish people could be the subject of interesting speculations. We shall, however, confine ourselves to the remark that this official conversion -- in defiance of Christian proselytizing by Byzantium, the Muslim influence from the East, and in spite of the political pressure of these two powers -- to a religion which had no support from any political power, but was persecuted by nearly all -- has come as a surprise to all historians concerned with the Khazars, and cannot be considered as accidental, but must be regarded as a sign of the independent policy pursued by that kingdom".
Because hating Jews has always been so popular, it is, for that reason and that reason alone, easy to understand why nations seek to erase all memory of Jews. But why the Jews themselves have not made any effort to prevent the re-writing of history might appear, at first, to be something of a mystery. Not only have Jews failed to protest the historical revisionism, but, on the contrary, they have encouraged the minimization of their Khazar heritage even in their own writings.
In order to understand this phenomenon, we must now examine the standard dogma regarding the rise of Eastern European Jewry. This dogma states that the Jews of Eastern Europe migrated there from the West.
Unfortunately, this theory seems to have little basis. In fact, it seems that Eastern European Jews are, on the whole, the descendants of Khazars, and have no genetic relatedness to the 12 Tribes of Israel.
The Origins of Ashkenazi Jewry
The Jews of Eastern Europe are called "Ashkenazi" Jews. The name in itself is revealing, and carries within it the implication that these Jews are not descendants of the 12 Tribes of Israel.
Every Jew wants to think of himself as a Child of Israel, so that he may share in the glory of the restoration of the House of David in the days of the coming of the Messiah. I do not know whether this glory is greater than the glory of not being an "hereditary" member of the House of David in the days of Messiah, but this is nevertheless what Jewish people think they want.
Since the great majority of Jews in the world are Ashkenazi, it is of interest to see exactly who Ashkenaz was in the Bible.
Adam and Eve had three famous sons named Cain, Abel and Seth. The human race today was descended from Seth, Abel having been murdered by Cain, and Cain having been destroyed by the Flood.
According to the Bible, the only survivors of the flood were Noah and his family. Noah had three sons. His son Shem is regarded as the "father" of the Semitic race; the progenitor of all the Hebrew patriarchs, and of the line of David.
A second son, Ham, is regarded, by Biblical ethnologists, as the founder of the black and some of the Arab races.
The third son of Noah, Japheth, is regarded as the founder of the Asian races. This includes the mysterious Magog, whose descendants are characterized in the Bible and in the Quran as fierce and dreaded barbarian enemies of the faith. Another son of Japheth was Gomer, whose two sons Ashkenaz and Togarmah are central to our Khazar story.
The Khazars had their own legendary genealogy, and they traced their descent to Togarmah, the brother of Ashkenaz. Perhaps this is why Eastern European Jews call themselves "Ashkenazi", although this obviously fails to explain why they don't call themselves "Togarmi".
One proposed reason why the Khazars may have come to refer to themselves as "Askenazi" rather than as "Togarmi" may be based on a passage from the book of Jeremiah (51:27), in which God says, through the mouth of the Prophet:
"...call together against her[i.e., Babylon] the kingdoms of Ararat, Minni, and Ashkenaz..."
Perhaps it was the honor of being called upon, by God Himself, to rise up against the apostasy symbolized by Babylon, which lead these people, who held themselves to be sons of Togarmah, to prefer the name of his brother Ashkenaz.
Jewish population statistics from the Middle Ages
Koestler estimates the Russian Khazar Jewish population as having been no less than 500,000. This number is based on Arab sources which estimated the size of Khazar armies to be up to 300,000.
By the 17th century, the center of the Eastern European Jewish population had shifted from Russia to the Polish-Lithuanian Kingdom. Since the Jewish population of Poland at that time has been estimated by modern historians at 500,000, it is evident at face value that they must have been of Khazar origin, unless another source for 500,000 Jewish souls can be found (and it can't).
Koestler gives three reasons for the Khazar migration to Poland. The first two we have already mentioned: Viking and Mongol invasions of Russia. The third was economic incentives from Poland.
In the late Middle Ages, the Polish kingdom was culturally and economically underdeveloped. Hence immigrants -- Germans from the west, Armenians and Khazar Jews from the east -- were given every possible encouragement for their enterprises, including Royal Charters granting them special privileges, if they would only move to Poland.
During the reign of Boleslav the Pious in 1264 AD, Jews in Poland were given just such a special Charter. It was confirmed by Casimir the Great in 1334. Under the rule of King Stephen Bathory (1575-86) Jews were granted a Parliament of their own, which met twice a year and had the power to levy taxes. Thus, the Khazar Jews, far from being destroyed by the devastating invasions of their Russian homeland, had instead entered into a new and prosperous chapter in their history -- in Poland.
It was during this period that the Jews developed a new language: Yiddish. Yiddish sounds like German, but that's not because the Polish Jews came from Germany. It's because German Christians came from Germany, actively recruited by the King of Poland to immigrate to Poland, bringing their relatively advanced culture with them.
And, immigrate they did -- in large numbers, having been given tremendous incentives to do so. Most of the important business transactions in Poland during this time were conducted by German Christians or Khazar Jews, and everyone who wanted to prosper had to have some ability to understand German, Hebrew, and Slavic. These were the key elements which went into the formation of the Yiddish language; truly a language of expedience during that period.
Polish Jews -- Where Did They Come From?
As pointed out by Koestler, the total world Jewish population during the Middle Ages was only about 1 million. This means that Khazars accounted for at least half, and perhaps most of the world's Jews at that time. To try to prove that Polish Jewry was derived from anything other than Khazar Jewry would therefore be, at best, difficult.
Ashkenazi Jewish children are taught that their Eastern European ancestors originally migrated from the West. Antisemitism in the West is the reason given for these theoretical migrations, most of which are assumed to have taken place during the virulently anti-Semitic years of the Crusades and the Black Death (approximately 1100-1300 AD).
For those readers who are aware of the expulsion of hundreds of thousands of Jews from Spain and Portugal during the reign of Ferdinand and Isabella in 1492, it is important to point out that this had nothing whatsoever to do with Poland. You see, the Spanish and Portuguese Jews were "Sephardic", and even the Ashkenazis themselves do not believe that they are descendants of the Sephardics. Sephardic and Ashkenazi Jews look different, speak differently, and have different customs. Besides, the alleged migrations of Jews to Poland, according to the legends taught to Ashkenazi Jewish school children, took place in the Middle Ages, centuries before the Spanish Inquisition.
Yet it remains the prevalent view among modern Ashkenazi historians, in the face of evidence to the contrary, that Polish Jews came from the West. Where could they have come from? England? France? Germany?
It certainly wasn't England. The medieval Jewish population of England was a grand total of 2500 souls, and even though they were forcibly expelled in the year 1290 AD, the hypothetical migration of that entire population to Poland would hardly constitute a "drop in the bucket" in our search for the origin of 500,000 Jewish souls.
How about France? It's true that there was an expulsion of Jews from France also. This occurred under the reign of Philippe IV (Philippe "le Bel"). Philippe is perhaps most famous for ordering the arrest of the Templars on Friday the Thirteenth, October 1307 (which I presume was history's first occulticly-significant "Friday the Thirteenth"). This same Philippe, a year earlier, had expelled all the Jews from France. Did they go to Poland? Not according to Koestler, who states that they emigrated to "regions of France outside the King's domain: Provence, Burgundy, Aquitaine, and a few other feudal fiefs". There are apparently no historical records which suggest that any French Jews migrated even as far as Germany, and certainly not across Germany to Poland.
As for Germany itself, a country believed by Ashkenazi historians to have been a wellspring of Jewish immigration to Poland, the actual records seem to indicate that the Jews were concentrated in only a few cities: Mayence, Spires, and Worms initially, and later on (after 906) in Trèves, Metz, Strasbourg, Cologne -- all of them situated in a narrow strip in Alsace and along the Rhine valley.
Most of these were killed in the virulently anti-Semitic aftermath of the First Crusade, including hundreds who committed mass suicide to avoid forced conversion to Christianity. From the death records, Koestler estimates the total Jewish population to have been no more than a thousand per city, most of whom perished. Once again, there are no historical records which indicate that any Jews ever moved to Poland.
The Black Death, which killed over half of Europe's population, was also a "field day" for anti-Semites. There were more pogroms, more murders, and more mass suicides. According to Koestler, however, the only recorded case of emigration in the Black Death period was when "Jews from Spires took refuge from persecution in Heidelberg -- about ten miles away".
In summary, there were, at the dawn of the modern era, 500,000 Polish Jews of the Ashkenazi variety who seem to have popped up from out of nowhere. Unless, that is, one concedes that the 500,000 Khazar Jews, who, after all, lived right next door in Russia, simply moved a few miles West into Poland.
Since that explanation for the rise of Askenazi Jewry seems to make perfect sense from every point of view, why is it denied by all, including the Jews themselves?
Simply because somewhere between 90% and 95% of the Jews of the world today are Ashkenazi.
What we are saying, therefore, is that there are very few Jews in the world today who are descendants of the 12 Tribes of Israel. The overwhelming majority of them are descendants of the Huns, and are much more closely related to Attila the Hun than to King Solomon.
If you've ever known an a Jew with light hair or eyes, and if you've ever wondered how such Aryan traits ever got into a "Semitic" race, the answer should now be dawning on you: Ashkenazi Jews are not a Semitic race.
So what's a "Jew"? Jesus, a Jew, defined his fellow Jews in the only way which will ever stand up to scrutiny as a definition of the word "Jew":
...whosoever shall do the will of my Father which is in heaven, the same is my brother, and sister, and mother.
If it is salvation which people really seek, they should recognize that a pathway to salvation is contained within this verse. Therefore, we shall continue to repeat it, and to intensify our study of its deeper meaning, throughout this Web Site.
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